Dental Implant Failures Are Tied To Certain Health Factors
Although dental implant surgery (DIS) has a high success rate, it is not suitable for everyone. It also has the potential to cause long-term complications.
We’ve put together this content that explains “Dental Implant Failures Are Tied To Certain Health Factors” Be aware and take care of your teeth.
Early And Late Dental Implant Failure
A dental implant is a metal post that’s surgically attached to the jaw bone to support an artificial tooth. Once in place, a restorative dentist or oral surgeon mounts a replacement tooth to the implant.
Dental implants have a high success rate, but some people experience dental implant failure. It’s estimated that about 5 to 10 percent of dental implants fail, either shortly after a procedure or months or years later.
If you’re scheduled to have dental implant surgery, or if you currently have an implant, here’s what you need to know about implant failure and other potential complications.
Potential Complications From Surgery
There are several potential complications that can occur following DIS. The sections below will outline some of these.
Below are some of the more common problems that may develop following DIS.
An infection at the implant site is the most common complication Trusted Source of DIS.
Treatment for an infection depends on the severity and location of the infection. For example, a bacterial infection in the gum may require antibiotics or a soft tissue graft. A bacterial infection in the bone may require the removal of the infected bone tissue and possibly the implant, followed by a bone and soft tissue graft.
In some cases, a person may find that the gum tissue around the implant begins to recede. This can lead to inflammation and pain. Getting a prompt assessment from a dentist is essential to prevent the removal of the implant.
In the first few weeks of Trusted Source following DIS, the dental implant will grow and fuse with the jawbone. This process is called osseointegration, and it is crucial to the long-term success of the implant. This process can take many months.
If the implant fails to fuse with the bone, the dental surgeon may remove it. A person may be able to reattempt the implant procedure once the area has healed.
Nerve Or Tissue Damage
Sometimes, a dental surgeon may inadvertently place a dental implant too close to a nerve. This can cause numbness, tingling, or pain. Short-term symptoms are most common in dental implant surgery, but a person may experience long-term symptoms.
A nerve or tissue problem requires immediate attention. Injury to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) in the lower jaw can be potentially serious Trusted Source. Some possible symptoms of an IAN injury include:
- Persistent numbness on the side of the implant, including the lower lip and chin
- Persistent pain or discomfort
- Tingling, tickling, or burning sensations in the gums and skin
Less Common Problems
DIS may also result in some less common problems, such as sinus issues and damage to the dental implant itself.
Upper jaw dental implants can protrude into the sinus cavities, causing inflammation of the sinuses. This is known as sinusitis.
Some potential symptoms of sinusitis include:
- Pain, tenderness, or swelling around the cheeks, eyes, or forehead
- Green or yellow nasal mucus
- A blocked nose
- A reduced sense of smell
- Sinus headaches
- Bad breath
- A high temperature
Damage From Excessive Force
As with any tooth, excessive force or impact can cause a dental implant to crack or become loose.
Some people may apply excessive force to dental implants without even realizing it. For example, some people grind, or brux, their teeth while sleeping. People who are prone to this behavior may need to wear a mouthguard to prevent damage to the implant as well as their natural teeth.
Peri-implantitis is a type of gum disease that causes loss of the bone supporting the implant. It develops due to chronic inflammation at the site of the implant.
According to one 2017 reviewTrusted Source, peri-implantitis can take about 5 years to progress and cause symptoms. These symptoms typically include bleeding or swelling around the site of the dental implant.
There is also a rare possibility of the body rejecting a dental implant. Based on a 2019 review, researchers are investigating the risks of using dental implants made from titanium or other metals. Some people have a rare metal sensitivity that causes their body to reject metal implants. The researchers recommend that people undergo metal sensitivity testing before receiving such implants.
DIS is not suitable for everyone. A person will need to undergo an extensive dental examination by a surgeon to determine whether or not they are a suitable candidate for the procedure.
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Article compiled by Apple Tree Dental
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